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Diet Pills Based On Medical Proven Male And Female Plants To Reduce Weight

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The problem of obesity or overweight in the body has been categorized in obesity overweight, grade, obesity grade II and grade III obesity degree. Grade level III is used for people who are morbidly obese and overweight means is a real threat to the life of the person. The number of people (above the age of 16 years) who were obese in England in 2010 was 26.1 percent, and the percentage of people who either overweight or obese was 62.8. There are many ways in which fat is deposited in the abdomen, such as calorie intake by sugary drink containing sodium, muffins, sweets and donuts that can be added to the fat which is highly dangerous for people with overweight diet pills herbal to reduce weight provides a true and proven method to help men and women who want the Pastillas para Bajar de Peso Rapido naturally without regulating their lifestyle factors.

There are many factors that cause weight gain and control many factors at once to regulate weight and get a slimmer and more youthful appearance, diet pills herbal weight to reduce Figure capsule can be taken. Increasing obesity and risk factors: The rate of obesity is increasing and this is becoming a global trend where more and more people have difficulty controlling weight gain. In the UK, more than 22 percent of men and 24 percent of women suffer high BMI that is considered to be high enough to increase the risk of health problems related to obesity. Increased body fat is not only a health problem that raises the cost of medical care for people who have excess gain.The level of glucose tolerance is reduced body weight when body weight is high. People who reduce weight successfully are able to reduce the level of cholesterol in the body by more than 10 percent. WFP reduced by 15 percent and HDC rises 8 percent.

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HEALTH-Mauritius: Death comes with the rains

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Until a few months ago, the average inhabitant of Mauritius remained unanswered if he was asked what was the “chikungunya”, but is now a familiar word for majority.

It is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes, which spread rapidly during the current rainy season throughout this African island country in the Indian Ocean.

Some 157,000 of the 1.1 million inhabitants of Mauritius would be infected by the virus, which has killed 77 people in the town of Réunion, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Now, the rate of infection is increasing daily. Health authorities confirmed 1,322 new cases on Thursday.

The outbreak is concentrated in Mahebourg, a village in the south of the island, from where the disease spread to the northern town of Triolet.

IPS visited several patients at a hospital in Mahebourg fighting against chikungunya, a Swahili word meaning “to walk hunched over.”

Patients suffering from chikungunya fever, head stitches and severe pain in the joints of the ankles and wrists, forcing them to adopt a stooped posture when walking.

“I suffer from vomiting, and it hurts the whole body. I do not know what’s happening to me”, shouted in the hospital a young woman, Karuna Lalchand, while a man who also had great difficulty breathing infected.

Several nurses in Mahebourg also infected. “Many of my colleagues are sick and stayed home. Not enough staff to meet the nearly 400 people who call the hospital every day because they have a fever,” said one of the workers health.

The situation is similar in other health centers in the country, where there are no more beds for patients of chikungunya.

Moreover, hundreds of people, fearful of contracting the disease, go to the doctors to consult at the slightest symptom.

Cases of chikungunya are typical in the rainy season, as currently facing Mauritius as transmitting mosquitoes breed in standing water.

With a brief visit to the marshy village of Triolet one can understand why the disease spreads so fast. There abound dumpsters and abandoned plastic bags, all rainwater receptacles, which also accumulates on the roof of the houses, generally poorly designed.

“Never dry the water” ceilings, admitted Ramesh Pandit, a resident of Triolet.

The disease progressed despite a government campaign to combat it, which follows the same guidelines of an initiative against malaria in the 70’s.

Throughout the island, health workers advise citizens and teach them to clean rivers and abandoned lands, while carrying out a massive task of spraying insecticide in areas at risk.

The media, particularly radio, devote much space to information on the chikungunya, while local councils, such as the northern town of Montagne-Longue and East Saint Julien d’Hotman distribute pamphlets with information about the virus and its prevention.

One of the directors, Maudhoo Ramesh said that both the authorities and citizens were responsible for the spread of the disease.

“The first not provided sufficient services for the disposal of garbage, and the second transformed derelict land, roads and river banks in landfills,” he said.

Meanwhile, the elders of the worst affected areas fleeing to other parts of the island to avoid exposure to mosquitoes.

The sale of repellent products soared in recent months, from creams to electronic vaporizers and mosquito nets.

One company said it sold eight times more of these products in February than during the entire 2005 summer season, which lasts about six months.

Dozens of people go to pharmacies looking for some type of drug against the disease. However, it still has not created any treatment to cure or prevent it. Patients were simply given drugs to reduce fever and pain.

Despite concerns over evil, WHO has not ordered travel restrictions Mauritius luxury villas, which has an important tourist industry.

Interventional radiology is cheaper and less invasive

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The new applications allow interventional radiology minimally invasive interventions have less impact on health care costs and therefore reduce surgical waiting lists – according to Bookkeeper Coogee

For this reason, more than 2,000 Spanish and Latin American radiologists will meet in Bilbao between 19 and 23 May to discuss this medical specialty that has increased in recent years and has been instrumental in emergency care such as bleeding.

Interventional radiology “is present throughout the process of patient care, from prevention to treatment of diseases through monitoring results at different stages,” stressed the president of the Spanish Society of Medical Radiology (SERAM ), Jose Luis del Cura.

This technique “allows us to use the image of the devices as a GPS to treat as close to some diseases, today we can open a vein or artery from the inside, treat fibroid or varicose veins without having to operate without scar, or delete a kidney or lung tumor through a hole in the skin of just 2 mm, “stated the voice of radiology congress SERAM, Fernando Lopez Zarraga.

Among the main issues to be discussed at the conference also they highlighted issues related to pediatrics and radiological protection of patients. The possibility of implementing screening systems were lung cancer.

Finally, there will be an exhibition of old X-ray equipment on the occasion of the commemoration of the centenary of the foundation.

The development of hip dysplasia. X-ray or ultrasound? Who and when?

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The development of hips (DDC) dysplasia is a condition that can develop in the period prenatal or after the birth. It is determined largely by mechanical factors acting on the hip and its apparatus of BRA, which can be normal or present increased laxity, which can lead to instability articulate and eventually permanent, passing through all the intermediate ranks dislocation. In this way, the morphological changes of the femoral head and the acetabulum would be secondary and would be developed over the course of time. The evidence point toward this etiology. Some authors have suggested that the primary factor of the DDC would be signs of canine hip dysplasia, but it has been shown that this is rather a consequence and not a causal factor of this pathology.

Barlow described the frequent finding of unstable hips at physical birth and arriving at a near two-week period to stabilize. This is probably due to the presence of circulating hormones that are transferred by the mother and whose effect is to relax the muscles, such as relaxin and others, which produce a physiological instability.

The term DDC has been almost universally accepted and has been replaced by terms such as congenital Dysplasia of the hips, dislocation of the hips, Dysplasia of hips, etc. luxante, and includes unstable hips or luxables, hip dislocation and acetabular dysplasia.

The risk factors for the development of DDC includes a narrow or constricted fetal environment as in the oligohidroamnios. Similarly, an anomalous position in the womb causing the extension of the hips and the action of the adductor muscles is also predisposing DDC, as it happens in breech presentation. There is also a higher prevalence in direct descent, especially in what refers to parents and siblings, in such a way that a family history of DDC is another factor to consider.

Other elements that have been associated with DDC include orthopedic anomalies of limbs, especially foot bot.Congenital muscular torticollis also partnered to DDC.

Considering that the DDC is an evolutionary disease at the time, which may develop in the first months of postnatal life, a normal test both the intrauterine period in the period of immediate born does not rule out the presence of this disease. However, most occurs in the neonatal period and only occasionally manifests itself in late. You must also be considered that examination may be ambiguity in DDC detection, even in experienced hands.

It is also clear that the DDC depends mainly of the precocity of diagnosis and treatment.

Is it necessary to carry out screening with methods of images?

This is an issue on which there is a unanimous opinion. In some countries, like the United States, we advise you to usual clinical screening and only study with some method of images to those children in whom a DDC, is suspected based on the concept that a careful clinical examination can detect a DDC in all cases.

Others argue that all children should be subjected to screening mass with a method of images, either with (Rx) x-ray of pelvis or ultrasonography (US) of hips, based on the fact that clinical examination can be negative in cases of DDC, especially considering that in countries such as ours the clinical screening often is carried out by medical or paramedical personnel not experienced and also by a cost-benefit ratio, since it would be cheaper to do mass screening with images and precociously detect those abnormal hips to undergo treatment in a timely manner and, therefore, shorter duration and much better prognosis, with significant reduction in the amount of sequels. Not making radiological screening would lead to late detection of some of the cases of DDC, that would require a more prolonged treatment, much higher cost and with a greater number of sequels.

Based on our experience, we dare to recommend that in our midst all children undergo screening with the most appropriate method of images, as the case may be.

IMAGING

Rx of pelvis

The radiological examination allows us to study bone structures and alterations that occur on them. As it is a morphologic and static test does not determine the first changes, which are dynamic alterations and initially only affecting the cartilaginous and ligamentous structures. The first changes on bone structures occur after four to six weeks of manifested laxity articulate. This is his best performance is achieved when it is obtained after 2 months of age.

It has the great advantage of being a test of simple, easy to obtain in most hospitals or health centers in our country, does not require sophisticated equipment and is virtually harmless, since the doses of radiation used is negligible. It is also cheap and can be interpreted by any physician trained or experienced. Unfortunately, there is tendency among medical radiologists and orthopedic surgeons to over-diagnosis and therefore to the overtreatment by mistake in the interpretation of the x-ray study. On the other hand, at least in our country, this radiological screening allows detecting and treating early cases of DDC and thus most cases of late submission are very uncommon.

It must also be taken into account that a radiological examination technically deficient can lead to errors of interpretation with misdiagnosis, especially in Rx rotated or basculadas in the axial plane.

ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF HIPS

The US is very appropriate in the first months of life and is superior to the Rx of pelvis, enabling you to visualize the cartilaginous femoral head and the acetabulum, also allows us to study dynamically hips and his sensitivity in the detection of DDC skirt 100%. There are two aspects that stability must be considered joint and acetabular morphology,

In 1980, Graf introduced technique and proposed a method which assesses only the morphology of the hip in a single cut crowns and drew up a classification with therapeutic implications according to the measurement of angles of descent of the bony acetabulum and the angle of the fibrocartilaginous labrum (static method).Subsequent studies have shown that using only this test methodology leads in many cases to an overdiagnosis, and therefore to an overtreatment. On the other hand, being this a static technique, not allows to detect the anatomically normal and unstable hips.

Subsequently, Harcke (1984) introduced the technical dynamic that virtually reproduces the physical examination during the procedure, introducing cuts at levels crowns and cross and the use of stress maneuvers.

In our experience, which coincides with other authors, a combined technique, using simultaneously static and dynamic methods, is most appropriate and most comprehensive method to evaluate the hip of (RN and the infant.)

Probably the US constitutes the ideal method of study in the DDC detection. Unfortunately, requires equipment that is not available in all centres of health in our environment, and is also a method strongly operador-dependiente, that requires an experienced observer. It is because of this that use this technique as part of a massive screening implies greater efficiency in the detection of DDC, but at the same time cost wholesale and retail availability with respect to the Rx of pelvis.

The US carried out in the immediate neonatal period detected in a significant number of children, a physiological instability of hips, meaningless pathological in the vast majority of cases, as it was already mentioned, which can lead to undergo these babies to unnecessary treatment.

When you apply for study by images? X-ray of pelvis or hips US?

According to the earlier referred, and based on the national, international and personal experience, we consider that in our half of the recommendations should be as follows, depending on the clinical situation:

  1. Newborn with some of the predisposing factors of DDC mentioned above, but with negative physical examination: US’s hips between two and three weeks of life.

  2. Newborn with or without predisposing factors and altered physical examination: hips birth US.

  3. Newborn without predisposing factors and with negative physical exam, both in the neonatal period and in the subsequent clinical tests: Rx of pelvis at 3 months.

A relative indication of US of hips is the presence of a Rx of pelvis doubtful or technically deficient before a patient with a negative physical, on who you want to know the real relationship of femoral head cartilage with the acetabulum.

The scalability of the DDC, must take into account at all times so that a negative US during the first month of life does not absolutely rule out the possibility that this disease occurs later. For this reason, in patients with predisposing factors or altered physical examination and normal US during this period, it is advisable to check with Rx of pelvis at 3 months of age.

In general, the screening Imaging is a good complement to the physical examination. But it will be the clinical follow-up, with a meticulous examination of the hips during routine well-child visits, in the first year of life, which will allow an adequate control of the development of hips.

1. radiology, clinical Santa Maria and Dávila, José Joaquín Aguirre Hospital service.
2 Department of Radiology, Hospital Clínico Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

Principles and techniques of dental radiography

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Principles and techniques of dental radiography

A dental radiography can be performed by various techniques. (X-ray dentist 01 image by Dragan Bombek from Fotolia.com)

Radiography is to produce of X – rays of the and oral structures for the detection of diseases, according to “Dental X – Ray :. Principles and Techniques”. Attendees  (those who complete a year of diploma or a two – year associate degree) must be certified to take X – rays in some states. Dental hygienists, who can complete an associate degree or four – year programs for a degree in this field, must be licensed in all states to practice dental hygiene and dental x – rays, according to the Freedom Dental Melbourne. These professionals must master several techniques to succeed in this field.

Methods

Dental radiography can be performed using a traditional film or digital devices. When working with a traditional film, machines intraoral dental X-rays are used to those films placed inside the mouth, while extraoral machines are used for films outside the mouth. Dental radiographs can use a film holder for holding an intraoral film inside the mouth. It can also use a beam alignment device to help position the cone intraoral X-ray machine, also called the position indication device, in relation to the tooth and the film.

When a traditional film is used, X-rays interact with the film layer called the film emulsion containing silver halide crystals absorb radiation. The crystals produce a latent image of a tooth and its surrounding structures, which becomes a visible image once the film is chemically processed. Furthermore, digital radiography involves using an intraoral sensor instead of a film to capture an image of a tooth. Once the X-rays hit the sensor, the electronic charge produced on the sensor is converted into digital form and then the image is visible on a computer. When performing a digital radiography, dental radiographers can still use the traditional X-ray machine dental intraoral.

Film Types

Three types of intraoral film there, periapical, bite-wing, and occlusal. The periapical film is used to view an entire tooth, including the root and the crown of the tooth and the bone supporting the tooth. Meanwhile, the film bite wing is used to view the crowns of the upper and lower teeth in a single film. This type of film is especially important for detecting cavities or other conditions between teeth. Occlusal film is used to examine large areas of the upper or lower jaw.

A panoramic radiograph, which is a type of extraoral film, offers a wide view of the upper and lower jaws in a single film. A cephalometric film, other extraoral film, is used to examine the bone and soft tissues of the face.

 

Science-fiction: ‘The Man with X-ray eyes’ Roger Corman

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The recent post in this cycle of science fiction on one of the films of the Corman factory, ‘The Magnificent 7 Space’ ( ‘Battle Beyond the Stars’, 1980), a film in which the legendary director made work behind the camera next to Jimmy T. Murakami , he reminded me of everything that contributed to Roger Corman film history, especially in the genres of science fiction and fantasy. ‘man with X – ray eyes’ (‘ X ‘, 1963) is one of those contributions, one of the undisputed classics of the genre, to enjoy this movie, please visit Movie25.

It was made at the time of greater apogee of its director, where among other things he made a series of films adapting the works of the famousEdgar Allan Poe -to which they devote special conclusion as that of Alfred Hitchcock -. It is well known that Corman received money to finance the filming of a movie, and with that money he filmed three showing numerous times that the budget is not an obstacle to film a good film. Or you have talent or you do not, and he had plenty Corman everywhere.

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The film tells the story of Dr. James Xavier, who with his experiments trying to prove that the eyes could see beyond what lies ahead, that is, X-ray An idea on paper can be a bit stupid and laughable, but in the hands of Corman acquires terrifying possibilities. When the experiment is slipping from their hands, to use their discoveries in excess, the world becomes a horrible place to Xavier, a world in which end seeing nothing because his view naughty absolutely everything.

This fantastic idea is shown by Corman through an absolutely intoxicating dramatic crescendo, in a film that does not reach the hour and a half, proving once again how good he was director of Detroit with the synthesis, especially in the start scene.When the doctor is subjected to the test of taking a eyedrops, Corman presents a film about Ray Milland , with whom he worked on ‘Obsession’ ( ‘Premature Burial’, 1962) – to get behind her head, and into it up to his eyes.

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The doctor who played at being God

That motion camera makes it no longer the person who has the point of view at all times, but the viewer, who will give you the opportunity to see what Xavier sees but from our perspective, decision as risky, and in any case, anecdotal. Thus we are witnessing sequences like the party, in which the protagonist discovers, not without humor, the possibilities of his invention, filming one of the most subtle orgies of history, one of the triggers of Xavier to continue using the drops.

And what initially seems like an allegory about drug use and its consequences , not inconsiderable given the time in which the film was shot, he is turning into tale pure and simple terror, even surpassing the possibilities of the premise whether.Xavier, fleeing a murder, and to keep experimenting, first guess things about people in a kind of circus, in which the forced Dick Miller star in a comic number. Then he will team up with a sleazy hustler to set up a business in which Xavier diseases can see people and warn them before it is too late.

But the weight of justice, by the fact that it is a scientist who has dared to play at being God , one of the signs of identity of a lot of science-fiction previos- years, and must pay for it, will be crucial in the agonizing final stretch, with Xavier losing control. Filmed where Steven Spielberg will shoot years later his impressive ‘Duel’( ‘Duel’, 1971), Corman gives her child a clear and at the same time ironic fate. The easiest solution for -ve suffering continuously despite having eyes closed and beyond any human being – is in front of your eyes, and only realizes thanks to a biblical quote.

The placing many radiographs is it dangerous?

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radiographs

Let us first recall that the radiographs use of X-rays . The X-rays are invisible radiation able to penetrate the human body that stops partially. This radiation attenuation caused by the different components of the human body (bone, fat, muscle, water, air, vessels …) allows radiology to perform a diagnostic image.

Ionizing radiation in high doses can cause many side effects known as “radiation dermatitis”. These doses are not reached in the context of diagnostic imaging. However, side effects of low doses are much less known, especially the appearance of genetic mutations and cancer because they can occur long after exposure and are indistinguishable from natural affections. However, there is no evidence that diagnostic imaging tests can be at the origin of cancers. Because of this uncertainty, international and national agencies use the “precautionary principle” to establish the regulation, as if there were, even at low doses, a linear relationship between dose and risk. When the benefit outweighs the risk

To understand the complexity of the problem, be aware that medical imaging is not the only source of exposure to ionizing radiation. We are exposed daily to low doses of ionizing radiation from many sources: the air we breathe, soil, cosmic radiation, building materials, water, food … This radiation exposure natural is estimated on average in France to 2.5 millisieverts (mSv) per year. In comparison, a chest X-ray delivers between 0.005 and 0.01 mSv is equivalent to one to two days of exposure to natural radiation. A radiograph of the abdomen delivers approximately 0.4 mSv almost two months of exposure to natural radiation. A barium enema is about 2.5 mSv a year of exposure to natural radiation. Skull CT about 2 mSv or 10 months of exposure to natural radiation. An abdominal CT 5 10 mSv is two to four years of exposure to natural radiation.

Radiation protection refers to all the measures taken to ensure the protection of man and his environment against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. All radiologists and their staff receive initial and ongoing training mandatory in radiation protection. The two main radiation protection rules, justification and optimization are implemented daily by professionals. The justification lies in the fact that, as with any medical procedure, the benefit must be greater than the risk.

While the risk of low doses is not shown, prudence requires that we consider its potential liability. This requires that the indication of a review exposure to ionizing radiation is well considered and weighed. It is your radiologist to confirm the indication of the review requested by your doctor, or even propose another examination to answer the question that arises. It is thus sometimes possible to replace an examination using X-rays with an examination does not use, such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

The French Society of Radiology has developed the guide appropriate use of imaging tests to enable all doctors to know the exam that best meet the clinical condition of their patient.

Optimization of doses is the responsibility of radiologists and radiographers who used to use the minimum necessary ray obtaining an examination to answer the questions. These measures are taken for all patients, but are reinforced for examinations performed in children with sensitivity to ionizing radiation is larger and in patients with a chronic disease requiring repeated examinations.

If the risk of ionizing radiation should not be underestimated, it should not be the fear of never proven side effects is responsible for a loss of opportunity for patients and make you forget the important benefits of the imaging ill. Through these tests, radiologists are making fast and accurate diagnoses that can treat patients faster and to monitor the effectiveness of their treatment.

CT or MRI, is it the same?

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CT
and MRI have a number of important commonalities. They also have fundamental differences in the origin of specific indications that the patient’s age, the anatomical region being explored or pathological condition sought.
In both cases the patient is placed in a tunnel but that of the MRI is much longer, which may cause discomfort for claustrophobic patients. The duration of the exam is also longer in MRI (about 30 minutes), that scanner (about 5-10 minutes).
In both cases, the images are acquired in cuts, from which numerous reconstructions can be made in two or three dimensions, in all planes of space. Both methods follow the same course: an acquisition time achieved by the following manipulator strict protocols developed by the French Society of Radiology, an image working time: measuring the density scanner or signal in MRI , multiplanar reconstruction, quantification of stenosis … and above all, an interpretation made by the radiologist time researching and analyzing anomalies and integrating them in the clinical setting to provide a diagnostic or assumptions scans r and MRI often require the use of contrast media injected intravenously circulating in vessels and in parenchyma; these contrast media allow, for example, diagnose a narrowing or blockage of a vessel or to better identify and characterize tumors.
Data acquired in scanner as MRI are digital data transmitted and archived. This allows to compare exams, which is essential to review images in light of new information or to benefit from the advice of an expert radiologist in particular very specific area.
Finally, the scanner and MRI are imaging equipment whose installation is subject to authorization by the government, therefore quotas equipment, which may explain delays in appointments too long for a decision in optimal management; This is especially true in IRM for which the existing fleet assessed number of machines / 100000 ranks us in very bad European students with a rate of 8.7 MRI / 100,000 population versus 15.6 for the European average.
If the commonalities between scanner and MRI are many physical principle is totally different: the scanner based on a specific X-ray absorption by various tissues. It causes a X-ray exposure and its indication should be reflected, especially in pregnant women, children and the young. The scannerhas excellent spatial resolution and allows you to view inframillimetric structures.
The MRI, in turn, is based on the property of certain atomic nuclei to emit signals detectable when placed in a magnetic field and subjected to a particular radio frequency, able to do resonate. The exam is prohibited individuals with a pacemaker or intraocular foreign bodies. The MRI has excellent contrast resolution and allows to better differentiate the different composition of tissues, is the preferred imaging in the study of parenchyma, brain first, but also liver, breast or prostate. The MRI allows an anatomical approach not only functional but also of various organs and, thereby, diagnose cerebral ischemia very early, the only way to make curable, or to approach the biochemical composition of a tumor . However, it requires around the patient material (infusion tube, ventilator …) insensitive to the magnetic field. This explains that the scanner is always preferred to the MRI in certain situations: emergency outside the brain imaging in critically ill patients or in achieving gestures guided by imaging whether diagnostic or therapeutic .
CT and MRI are certainly imaging modalities that have received the greatest technological advances over the past decade with the development of new application areas such as imaging of the heart and coronary and rather than oppose them, you have the seen as complementary as evidenced imaging merger, promising a great development because it will merge the information provided by CT and MRI .