The black spots emerge when the pores of the skin are covered with a combination of dead skin, oil and bacteria. When these covered pores or pimples are kept open on the surface of the skin, a reaction with the air causes them to turn a dark color. Removing blackheads with pilaten mask usually includes a combination of proper skin care and over-the-counter medications. Severe cases may require professional treatment from a dermatologist.

Smooths with steam

Taking a shower or holding your face over a pot of boiling water can help soften the blackheads to make their removal easier. The steam also helps open the pores, facilitating a deeper cleaning of your face to prevent additional black spots from forming. Be careful when applying vapor to your face, as close contact can cause skin irritation or burns. Gently exfoliating your face after steam could also help loosen and remove blackheads.

Avoid touching and rubbing it

Vigorous rubbing of your face will not help remove blackheads; In fact, irritating the skin with aggressive cleansing can make blackheads and acne worse. Wash your face using detergent and warm water twice a day and keep your hands away from your face as much as possible. Avoid tightening the blackheads. Doing so can lead to irritation and inflammation and increase your risk of infections, according to the Mayo Clinic website.

Uses OTC products

Over-the-Counter (OTC) products can remove blackheads by drying the excess oil, killing the bacteria responsible for the acne outflows and encouraging the replacement of dead skin in the open pores. These lotions are widely available and include products with sulfur, resorcinol, lactic acid, benzoate peroxide and salicylic acid. Tools to remove blackheads and pore strips can also help remove blackheads, but these products can cause damage and slight skin irritation if you do not use them properly. Therefore, the Amercan Academy of Dermatology claims against the use of these products without professional supervision.

Try prescription drugs

Blackheads that do not respond to over-the-counter treatments can be removed using prescribed medications. A topical application of vitamin A derivatives such as tretinoin and tazarotene works to unclog pores and treat blackheads. Severe cases of black spots, especially when inflammation is also present, may respond to treatment with oral antibiotics. As hormonal imbalances play a role in the development of blackheads and acne, starting or stopping oral contraceptives can also eliminate blackheads for some women according to the Mayo Clinic site.

Talk to your doctor

If home treatment and proper skin care do not successfully remove blackheads, consult your doctor for other treatments. Chemical treatments and microdermabrasion can remove the top layer of your skin, removing blackheads with it. This treatment is usually reserved only for severe cases, as they can cause significant side effects and is usually very costly.

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